Embedded Systems
Embedded Course Content
Training process
What is Embedded Systems
Applications of Embedded Systems
Scope of Embedded Systems
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Embedded System Application

Embedded Systems has witnessed tremendous growth in the last one decade. Almost all the fast developing sectors like automobile, aeronautics, space, rail, mobile communications, and electronic payment solutions have witnessed increased use of Embedded technologies. Greater value to mobility is one of the prominent reasons for the rise and development of Embedded technologies.

Initially, Embedded Systems were used for large, safety-critical and business-critical applications that included

  • Rocket & satellite control
  • Energy production control
  • Telephone switches
  • Air Traffic Control

Embedded Systems research and development is now concerned with a very large proportion of the advanced products designed in the world. In one way, Embedded technologies run global transport industry that includes avionics, space, automotive, and trains. But, it is the electrical and electronic appliances like cameras, toys, televisions, home appliances, audio systems, and cellular phones that really are the visual interface of Embedded Systems for the common consumer.

Advanced Embedded Technologies are deployed in developing

  • Process Controls (energy production and distribution, factory automation and optimization) Telecommunications (satellites, mobile phones and telecom networks),
  • Energy management (production, distribution, and optimized use)
  • Security (e-commerce, smart cards)
  • Health (hospital equipment, and mobile monitoring)

In the last few years the emphasis of Embedded technologies was on achieving feasibility, but now the trend is towards achieving optimality. Optimality or optimal design of embedded systems means

  • Targeting a given market segment at the lowest cost and delivery time possible
  • Seamless integration with the physical and electronic environment
  • Understanding the real-world constraints such as hard deadlines, reliability, availability, robustness, power consumption, and cost

VECTOR Institute provides enough exposure to students in all Embedded technologies by making them work on real-time and multi-domain Embedded projects.

Automobile sector

Automobile sector has been in the forefront of acquiring and utilizing Embedded technology to produce highly efficient electric motors. These electric motors include brushless DC motors, induction motors and DC motors, that use electric/electronic motor controllers.

European automotive industry enjoys a prominent place in utilizing Embedded technology to achieve better engine control. They have been utilizing the recent Embedded innovations such as brake-by-wire and drive-by-wire.

Embedded technology finds immediate importance in electric vehicles, and hybrid vehicles. Here Embedded applications bring about greater efficiency and ensure reduced pollution. Embedded technology has also helped in developing automotive safety systems such as the

  • Anti-lock braking system (ABS)
  • Electronic Stability Control (ESC/ESP)
  • Traction control (TCS)
  • Automatic four-wheel drive

VECTOR Institute has endeared itself to the Automotive industry by providing quality Embedded personnel.

Aerospace & Avionics

Aerospace and Avionics demand a complex mixture of hardware, electronics, and embedded software. For efficient working, hardware, electronics and embedded software must interact with many other entities and systems. Embedded engineers confront major challenges,

  • Creating Embedded systems on time
  • Taking the budgetary constraints into consideration
  • Ensuring that the complex software and hardware interactions are right
  • Assembling components that meet specifications and perform effectively together
  • Understanding the larger context of the embedded software
  • Adopting the latest in Embedded technology like the fly-by-wire


VECTOR Institute prepares Embedded students for the challenges associated with Aerospace and Avionics industry. 


If ever there is an industry that has reaped the benefits to Embedded Technology, for sure, it is only Telecommunications.  The Telecom industry utilizes numerous embedded systems from telephone switches for the network to mobile phones at the end-user. The Telecom computer network also uses dedicated routers and network bridges to route data.

Embedded engineers help in ensuring high-speed networking. This is the most critical part of embedded applications. The Ethernet switches and network interfaces are designed to provide the necessary bandwidth. These will allow in rapidly incorporating Ethernet connections into advanced Embedded applications.

VECTOR Institute provides enough exposure to Embedded students in a broad range of application types. These Embedded application types range from high availability telecom and networking applications to rugged industrial and military environments.

We prepare Embedded students for the challenges associated with Telecom industry. 

Consumer Electronics

Consumer electronics has also benefited a lot from Embedded technologies. Consumer electronics includes

  • Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs)
  • MP3 players
  • Mobile phones
  • Videogame consoles
  • Digital cameras
  • DVD players
  • GPS receivers
  • Printers

Even the household appliances, that include microwave ovens, washing machines and dishwashers, are including embedded systems to provide flexibility, efficiency and features. The latest in Embedded applications are seen as advanced HVAC systems that uses networked thermostats to more accurately and efficiently control temperature.  

In the present times, home automation solutions are being increasingly built on Embedded technologies. Home automation includes wired and wireless-networking to control lights, climate, security, audio/visual, surveillance, etc., all of which use embedded devices for sensing and controlling.

VECTOR Institute prepares Embedded students for the challenges associated with Consumer Electronics industry. 


Railroad signaling in Europe relies heavily on embedded systems that allows for faster, safer and heavier traffic. Embedded technology has brought a sea of change in the way Railroad Signals are managed and Rail traffic in large volumes is streamlined.

The Embedded technology enabled Railroad Safety Equipment is increasingly being adopted by Railway networks across the globe, with an assurance of far lesser Rail disasters to report. VECTOR Institute prepares Embedded students for the challenges associated with Railroad industry. 

Electronic payment solutions sector

In the present times there is stiff competition amongst Embedded solutions providers to deliver innovative, and high-performance electronic payment solutions that are easy to use and highly secure. Embedded engineers knowledgeable in trusted proprietary technology develop the secure, encrypted transactions between payment systems and major financial institutions.

The market for mobile payments systems is growing rapidly. It is driven by retailers, restaurants, and other businesses that want to service customers anywhere, anytime. With the use of mobile devices, mostly mobile phones becoming very popular, Embedded technologies compatible with mobile are being developed to promote payment systems.

VECTOR Institute prepares Embedded students for the challenges associated with Electronic Payment solutions sector. 

Smart cards industry

Smart cards, though began prominently as either a debit or a credit card, are now being introduced in personal identification and entitlement schemes at regional, national, and international levels. Smart cards are appearing now as Citizen Cards, drivers’ licenses, and patient cards.

We also come across contactless smart cards that are part of ICAO biometric passports aim to enhance security for international travel. Europe enjoys precedence in the use of Smart cards. All the E-services (e-banking, e-health, e-training) are based on the leading edge in smart-card related technologies.

VECTOR Institute has endeared itself to the Smart cards industry by providing quality Embedded personnel.
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