Smart City – Engineering the City with Embedded and IoT Technologies

Smart city is a development vision of the government in which it aims to integrate several information and communication technology and Internet of Things to manage city’s assets like hospitals, schools, power plants, law enforcement, waste management and other community services. The prime objective behind developing smart cities is to improve life quality, efficiency of services and fulfill residents’ needs by incorporating informatics and technology.

The dream of smart city has been envisioned to promote economic opportunity in India, improve governance and deliver better results for residents. A Smart city will be highly advance in terms of infrastructure, sustainable real estate, communications and market viability. These cities will have information technology as principal infrastructure and basis for offering essential services to residents. Technological platforms like data centres and automated sensor networks will be involved to fulfill the dream of smart cities.

Smart cities will be created with the help of Internet of Things, which will significantly increase machine-to-machine networks and embedded devices. All the connected devices will receive and transmit a huge amount of data in real-time, protocols will be significantly improved to operate and manage embedded networks. Smart cities will heavily rely on embedded system as it will act as glue to keeps various systems together. Embedded system, which is widely used in healthcare, transportation and households, will be the backbone of the smart cities of future and there is high scope for development in this field.

Smart grids are getting introduced in the real world and embedded engineers are going to play a vital role in designing efficient system for smart cities. The engineers will play a major role in modernization of power systems, automation, remote monitoring and control and the establishment of micro grids. If these things get accomplished within smart grid, municipal systems are also going to benefit. Thus, embedded engineers and IoT technologies are essential for smart grids to deliver resilient energy while enabling coordination between city infrastructure and operators. Water, energy, public health, transportation, safety and other aspects of a smart city will greatly rely on embedded and IoT technologies to manage and support the smooth operation of critical infrastructure.

Extensive and ubiquitous use of embedded system is empowering the development of essential services in the field of health, security, police, fire departments, governance and delivery of public services. The concept of smart cities will make city becomes better connected, have efficient interaction and communication between the community and infrastructure will be improved for continued stable operation. This makes it essential to understand how the concept of smart cities is going to work and how it will be managed.

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