Have Any Questions?

1. What are the courses offered at Vector India?

Vector India offers both long term and short-term courses.

Course: Embedded Systems
Duration: 6 Months
Admission through Online Scholarship Test

Short Term Courses:
Automotive Embedded
Duration: 72 Hours
Direct Admission
Duration: 72 Hours
Direct Admission
Micro Python
Duration: 2 Weeks
Direct Admission
Embedded C
Duration: 6 Weeks
Direct Admission
Duration: 30 Days
Direct Admission

2. What is Embedded Systems? Where is it Used?

Embedded systems are self-contained programs that are embedded within a piece of hardware. We can say it’s a specialized computer system that is part of a larger system or machine. Typically, an embedded system is housed on a single microprocessor board with the programs stored in ROM. An Embedded system can also be defined as a computer system that is created with optimal efficiency, thereby allowing it to complete specific functions as quickly as possible. Embedded systems microprocessors are programmed to automate certain tasks. Cell phones, computers, copiers, medical equipment, programmable logic controllers, and numerous other products rely on embedded systems. Real-time embedded systems can be used to replace traditional software applications.

Embedded systems are used in any application which requires a certain level of automation or intelligence. As more and more intelligent devices make their way into our lives, the demand for embedded telecom will increase. In addition, even in areas where telecom companies are in the grips of a slowdown, companies are not making cuts in introducing new features.

The range is very wide, limited only by human imagination,” B J Ram Rao, CEO, eSmartNet (a division of Zicom Electronic Security Systems) admitted in a recent interview with Zee India. “I would think that, broadly, the embedded system application areas would be wireless, Internet and mobile communications, industrial control, test and measurement, networking, aerospace and automotive control, consumer electronics, digital imaging and defense.”

3. What is the Scope of Embedded Systems?

Embedded System is the future. Every industry needs some artificial intelligence into it and artificial intelligence can be given by embedded systems only. No electronic product is without embedded systems in the market.

Embedded System Market Size Global forecast to 2025

The embedded system market is estimated to reach from $86.5 billion in 2020 to $116.2
Billion by 2025, at a CAGR of 6.1% from 2020 to 2025.

IDC report

According to an IDC report, the international market as a whole expects product development worth $75 billion, which will require as many as 5,00,000 trained professionals in embedded systems development by the year 2005. While India is a known player in the software services space, the image of the country has been so far as a low-cost service provider. This is where embedded software development, which requires specialized skill sets, can make a difference. Not surprisingly, companies like Wipro, Sasken, Texas Instruments, L&T, Infosys, Siemens, Honeywell, Motorola, Agilent, Patni, etc. are all getting into the race. It is a sector promising a fast-track career, which is only for the brightest and the best.

The global embedded and telecom market today is worth one trillion dollars (Source: Gartner).

The increase in the number of research and development activities related to embedded systems, rise in demand for advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and electromobility solutions for electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles, increase in demand for portable devices such as wearables, and rise in the use of multicore processors in military applications are making embedded systems one of the most sought-after fields in the market.

2020 – 86.5 billion USD 2025 – 116.2 billion USD (Global Embedded systems market growth).

4. Why VECTOR Institute for Embedded Systems & VLSI Training?

We teach the basics and underlying concepts of Embedded Systems in detail and provide real-time experience to students. This will help each student not only understand the concept, but also the knowledge of applying concepts in real-time situations. Our Embedded Systems & VLSI courses provide complete practical knowledge to students and make students ready for placement in the Embedded and VLSI industry.

To make the Embedded Systems course full-fledged and complete we have included modules like Object Oriented Concepts with C++, RT-Linux with porting on ARM, 4 mini projects and one major project We cover the Micro controllers in great depth: Intel 8051 and ARM 9 series. In addition, we go for the hardware interfacing in detail. To meet the latest industry requirements, we have included in the course content ARM microcontrollers, Version control tools, and GSM.

Our continuous liaison with the Embedded industry has enabled us to know the expectations of each candidate. So, our highly experienced faculties have made sure that our students come out as industry-ready professionals.

We have a dedicated placement cell to take care of the placements and to make sure that the students are placed at the best possible places. We have an ever-improved placement record of 630+ campus drives & 2150+ Selects during the year 2021.

5. Admission process followed at VECTOR INSTITUTE for training into long term courses?

The admission into the Embedded Systems course is based on our Vector Online Entrance examination. *Working professionals with Relevant Experience are eligible for Direct Admission.

6. What is VLSI Design? Where is it Used?

Very-large-scale integration (VLSI) is the process of creating integrated circuits by combining thousands of transistors into a single chip. VLSI began in the 1970s when complex semiconductor and communication technologies were being developed. The microprocessor is a VLSI device. This is the field that involves packing more and more logic devices into smaller and smaller areas. Thanks to VLSI, circuits that would have taken board Fuls of space can now be put into a small space a few millimeters across! This has opened up a big opportunity to do things that were not possible before.

Integrated circuits are used in virtually all electronic equipment today and have revolutionized the world of electronics. Computers, mobile phones, Digital Cameras and other digital appliances are now inextricable parts of the structure of modern societies, made possible by the low cost of production of integrated circuits.

7. What is the Scope of VLSI Design?

India, with capabilities in very large-scale integration (VLSI) design and software development, has potentially captured a larger share of the market by focusing on these markets. It is no wonder that almost all of the top 10 semiconductor vendors have established design centers in India. This has also contributed to the growth of the electronic design automation (EDA) industry in India. Leading Indian IT companies are also setting up product engineering and design services, partnering with global chip majors. Today’s engineers, therefore, have immense opportunities in developing integrated circuits (ICs); field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) and systems-on-chips (SoCs), apart from typical software development.

Even the government sector has not lagged behind in terms of involvement with higher technology. Over 80 different types of ASICs have been designed and supplied to customers by DoE. The department has 26 projects on VLSI, involving an outlay of about Rs 160 million, to keep pace with the development. Much more manpower will be required in the future.

8. What is the eligibility to pursue embedded systems & VLSI Design Courses?

BE/B.Tech (ECE, EEE, EIE, CSE, IT); MCA; MSc (CS, Electronics, Instrumentation, Physics with specialization in electronics); M. Tech (Electronics, CS).

9. Where should I write the test? Is there any fee for the Admission Test?

  • No Fee is collected for Admission Test
  • Admission test is conducted online
  • If at all any student missed the online admission test, they can contact info@vectorindia.org

10. What is the Syllabus for Admission Test? Is there any negative marking?

The test Syllabus for the Embedded Systems course is:
(Only Objective Type Questions)

  • Basics of C programming (Without Data structures)
  • Microprocessor 8085/ 8086 (Architecture, assembly language and interfacing)
  • Digital Electronics
  • General Aptitude
Yes, there is negative marking. 0.5 marks are deducted for every incorrect answer.

11. Is there any scholarship awarded to best performers in the entrance test?

Special Discounts for Qualified candidates with 70% marks and above in the Final Degree or Gate Score. 50 percentile is to be secured by the candidate to get Qualified in the Entrance Test.

Admission Test Final Degree Score Fee waiver
80% 60% 50%
70% to 79.9% 60% 25%
50% to 69.9% 70% / GATE score 10%

12. What is the procedure for seat confirmation for Local & Non-local candidates? Is the fee paid Refundable?

Candidates in the local areas can directly contact the administrative office for the admissions process. Non-local candidates can send a DD in favor of Vector India Pvt Ltd, Hyderabad. The Fee once paid is Non-Refundable and Non-Transferable.

13. Faculty at Vector India?

Managing Director: Mr. Viswanatha Raju Dandu with more than a decade of rich industry experience in the Embedded (Product development) & Automation domain. He has the distinction of having worked with the best resources and having developed high-end embedded products for Top-notch Fortune 500 companies and scientific organizations like DRDL, Daimler Chrysler, Ford, and many other automobile giants.

Technical Director: Mr.P.S. Rao has more than two decades of experience in the IT Industry (Embedded, Web technologies and Aerospace). He worked in DRDL and various foreign organizations as a scientist.

He has worked on various technologies and has been involved in the development of high-precision products, using cutting-edge technologies. He has the distinction of having worked on various defense/ aero space projects.

Academic Director: Mr. Samir Panda has been in product development and worked on several projects for over 16 years.

Technical Lead: Mr. Shashank has been on our development team and worked on several projects for over 15 years.

All the faculty members at VECTOR Institute are real-time professionals who are currently working with major companies and take classes on specific domains of their specialization. It is these people who bring industry experience & expertise to the classroom.

14. What is the training procedure followed at Vector India?

  • High Quality practical/ application-oriented training
  • Industry-accepted course content
  • Holistic online learning program
  • Genuine 100% placement assistance
  • Lateral placements for the next 6 months
  • Lab with 1: 1 System ratio
  • Technical Mock Interviews, Soft skills Training, Project guidance.
  • Module-wise theory and lab exams
  • 6- Days a week, theory (1½ – 2 hrs) and 3hrs of practical sessions
  • Alternate week theory & lab exams
The ultimate result of the 6 months training period is solid exposure to key aspects of embedded systems programming & VLSI Design leading to an Industry Ready Professional.

15. What are the placements opportunities provided to the students pursing the course at VECTOR INDIA?

Placement Assistance is provided only for the long-term courses.

VECTOR has a dedicated and ever-improving placement record through 100% genuine placement assistance, and lateral placements with operations in Bangalore, Chennai, Pune, Noida and Hyderabad. Vector has achieved a remarkable 630+ MNC campus visits in 2021. 15.4 Lakhs Per Annum is the highest package received so far and maintains an average of 4.5 Lakhs Per Annum.

16. What is the eligibility criteria for placements?

Candidates must meet the following criteria to be eligible for placement assistance.

Criteria Minimum Attendance Minimum Internal score Mock & Assessment interview
Theory 75% 40% Recommendation
Lab 75% 40% Recommendation
Communication 75% 40% Recommendation
Aptitude 75% 40% Not applicable
The Result
Industry – Ready professionals.

The eligibility criteria decided by the participating companies have to be met. Companies look for a minimum cut-off percentage in the final Degree, Internal assessment Tests and Interviews during the course. The overall performance in the Internal Exams,and Technical & HR mock interviews is considered as the short-listing criteria for placements.

Some companies also look for strong academic performance throughout their careers. Candidates having 60% and above in the final degree and clearing the internal assessment tests/ Interviews are the ones eligible for the majority of companies.

17. Where are the major opportunities and drivers for growth of embedded system market in next 5 years?

Factors such as the rapid adoption of embedded systems for smart homes and devices and the increasing demand for IoT - based devices present major opportunities for growth for the embedded system market. Advancements in multicore processors and a surge in demand for ADAS in EV and hybrid vehicles are a few factors driving the market growth of the embedded systems.

Embedded System Market by Hardware (MPU, MCU, Application-specific Integrated Circuits, DSP, FPGA, and Memories), Software (Middleware, Operating Systems), System Size, Functionality, Application, Region - Global Forecast to 2025.

The Automotive industry segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR in the coming years. Key factors fuelling the growth of this market include an increase in the number of research and development activities related to embedded systems, and a rise in demand for advanced driver-assistance systems (ADAS) and electromobility solutions for electric vehicles and hybrid vehicles, increase in demand for portable devices such as wearables, and rise in the use of multicore processors in military applications.

18. Embedded System Market Dynamics?

Driver: The Surge in the demand for ADAS in EV and hybrid vehicles Embedded systems are playing an important role in the redesigning of the automotive industry. These systems are used in ADAS technology incorporated in electric and hybrid vehicles. The increase in the demand for electric and hybrid vehicles owing to the growing awareness among the masses about the depleting state of the environment has led to the growth of the embedded system market. According to the Bloomberg New Energy Finance report, sales of electric vehicles are estimated to reach 41 million by 2020, thereby leading to a rise in the demand for electronic components including embedded hardware and software used in electric vehicles.

Restraint: Vulnerability of embedded systems to cyber threats and security breaches One of the major factors that has hampered the growth of the embedded system market is the security of embedded devices. Embedded devices such as memory contain information that could be critical o military forces, banks, data centres, and healthcare facilities. Thus, it is very critical to protect such devices from cyber threats and security breaches. Irregular security updates a long device lifecycle, remote deployment, and attack replication are some of the factors that make embedded systems vulnerable to cyberattacks. Thus, the vulnerability of embedded systems to cyber threats and security breaches is expected to restrain the growth of the embedded system market.

Opportunity: The Advent of 5G and development of 5G-based embedded devices The advent of 5G technology is expected to act as a growth opportunity for the embedded system market. According to the GSM Association (GSMA), the 5G market is expected to contribute USD 2.2 trillium to the global economy by 2034, comprising 5.3% of the global GDP growth. As a result, the production of embedded devices based on 5G architecture is expected to increase in the future. Embedded devices used in smart camera surveillance systems of vehicles deliver fast response rates owing to the integration of 5G in their architecture. Additionally, 5G technology is expected to help tackle the challenges faced during industrial automation and smart farming as it enables fast image processing. Thus, embedded devices supporting 5G infrastructure are expected to fuel the growth of the embedded system market.

19. Examples of embedded systems in market?

  • Digital cameras
  • Digital wristwatches
  • MP4 players.
  • Appliances, such as refrigerators, washing machines, and microwave ovens
  • Engineering Calculators
  • Temperature measurement systems
  • Adaptive Cruise Control
  • An Automated teller Machine (ATM)
  • Anti- Lock Braking system
  • Air Bag Control System
  • Industrial Robots

20. Is ATM an example of embedded system?

An ATM is an embedded system that utilizes a crowded computer to set up a network between a bank computer and an ATM itself. It also has a microcontroller to bear both input and output operations.

21. 30 Examples of Embedded Systems in Daily Life

  1. Digital alarm clocks
  2. Electronic parking meters and parking pay stations
  3. Robotic vacuum cleaners (‘robovacs’)
  4. Smart watches and digital wrist watches
  5. Washing machines and dishwashers
  6. Home security systems
  7. Air-conditioners and thermostats
  8. Electric stoves, pressure cookers, and tea/coffee machines
  9. Traffic lights
  10. Vending machines
  11. Fire alarms and carbon monoxide detectors
  12. Printers, photocopy, fax machines and scanners
  13. Digital and video cameras
  14. Calculators
  15. Remote control gate keys
  16. Digital thermometers
  17. Motion sensors
  18. PDAs and hand-held computers
  19. Lighting systems
  20. GPS navigation devices
  21. Heart rate monitors and pacemakers
  22. CD players, iPods and MP3 players
  23. Parking lot ticket machines
  24. Cash registers
  25. Digital signature pads
  26. Electronic toys
  27. Refrigerators and freezers
  28. Electronic safes
  29. WiFi routers
  30. Automobile systems (cruise control, anti-lock braking system (ABS), transmission control, electronic fuel injection, suspensions systems, in-vehicle entertainment systems, etc.)

22. When classifying embedded systems based on performance and functional requirements, embedded systems are divided into four categories:

  • Real-time embedded systems.
  • Standalone embedded systems.
  • Network, or networked, embedded systems.
  • Mobile embedded systems.

23. What are the recent trends in embedded system?

The newest wave of embedded systems is bringing innovation to a wide range of applications, often using Artificial Intelligence and machine learning, including IoT security, robotics, medical devices, autonomous vehicles, vision technologies, System-on-Chip solutions, and more.

24. What are the recent technologies in embedded systems?

  • Artificial Intelligence.
  • Augmented Reality and Virtual Reality.
  • Deep Learning.
  • Embedded security.
  • Cloud Connectivity.

25. Placement opportunities for Backlog students & 8th semester students?

Students with backlogs can pursue the course but should have their Back Logs cleared to be eligible for the placements. 8th - semester students will be eligible for the placements after the completion of their final degree.

26. What are the year wise placement opportunities? Is there any difference in opportunity when compared to the previous year pass outswith the current year?

As compared to the current year and previous year passouts, candidates who passed out 2-3 years back will have fewer opportunities on Campus. The older the year of passing, the fewer the campus opportunities.

27. I do have 60% in my final degree. What is the scope of placements?

Candidates without 60% of the final degree will not be eligible for top R&D centers. They still will have a chance with other companies.

28. Does Vector India offer Job Guarantee?

No, we do not offer any job guarantee; people must not assume that enrolling in the course will entitle them to a job. It will require lots of dedicated effort on the part of candidates to clear through the Placement Interviews held by the companies visiting Campus Placements. VECTOR Institute makes sincere efforts to provide each student with the right Embedded skill set, with which, each student is sure to be successful in Campus Placement Interviews, and come out with a well-paid job offer.

*There are many institutes/ individuals trying to trap students by mentioning Job Guarantee in their advertisement/ interaction. They use it as a carrot to lure desperate students. People should be aware of falling into such traps.

29. Is there any certificate issued after the completion of course?

Yes, at the end of the course the candidates will be provided with Merit/Course completion Certificates provided they have the eligibility in terms of attendance and internal assessments.

30. Accommodation for outstation candidates?

Hostels and paying guest accommodations are available in the vicinity of the Institute, for both boys & girls.

The cost of these accommodations with food ranges from 3500/- to 6500/- (based on location and facilities). The overall living cost in Hyderabad is cheaper compared to other metros.

31. What is the difference between Vector India Hyderabad, Bangalore and Chennai training Centers?

Vector is a single entity following a 1-school 3-campus model

We have common Admission, Placement cell, and Common pool of faculty, Lab work, Tests, Study Materials, etc...

Vector India 3 campuses are located in Hyderabad, Bangalore and Chennai to cater to the local student pool & for their easy access and convenience.

32. What do we expect from students pursuing the embedded systems course at Vector Institute?

Students should be regular to the classes & exams conducted during the course duration and utmost discipline is expected in the premises.

The Additional efforts required from students during the course duration are:

  • Rigorous Lab practice
  • Good Communication skills, Explanatory skills & Programming skills
  • Knowledge on Aptitude & Branch core subjects.

33. Difference between embedded systems and VLSI design course, placement opportunities etc?

VLSI deals with design aspects of chips covering the digital front-end/ back-end. Whereas Embedded sys deals with utilizing the custom chips, designing supporting circuits, interfacing with peripherals, writing driver software and other required communication & GUI applications to design a complete end-user useable product/ device.

The requirements in VLSI are relatively lower as it’s a design field and the criteria are stringent in terms of knowledge, overall academic performance of the candidate. However, the requirements are quite high in Embedded Systems as it is a multi-disciplinary domain and its usage is on the rise in various domains from Medicine to satellite communication and from automobiles to mobile phones.

The ratio of the number of companies visiting the campus in VLSI: Embedded systems is 1:10

Only those candidates with strong academic careers and very strong electronics branch core concepts must opt for the VLSI domain.

34. Does Embedded system have future?

Embedded System is the future. Every industry needs some artificial intelligence into it and artificial intelligence can be given by embedded systems only. No electronic product is without embedded systems in the market.

35. What is the best language for embedded system?

Python, C, and C++ have secured the highest ranks in the list. These languages are useful when it comes to embedded systems. Many lesser-known languages such as Elixir and Ada are also used for programming embedded devices.

36. Are Embedded engineers in Demand?

Yes, embedded software engineers are in demand.
Embedded systems encompass many different high-demand areas such as the Internet Of Things (IoT), machine learning, and Artificial Intelligence (AI), which are all core fields in embedded systems, according to the top tech 14 skills in demand 2022.

37. Why C language is used in embedded systems?

C provides optimized machine instructions for the given input, which increases the performance of the embedded system. Most of the high-level languages rely on libraries, hence they require more memory which is a major challenge in embedded systems.

38. Is Python used in embedded system?

Embedded Python. Python can be used in embedded, or minimal hardware devices, depending on how limiting the devices are.

39. How C C++ is useful in embedded system programming?

By design, C++ lends itself to embedded development because the language sits in between higher-level software and hardware, allowing you to access and control hardware directly without sacrificing the benefits of a high-level language.

40. Is embedded systems a good career?

There is no doubt that initial packages are not very high but once you obtain experience of 3-4 years, you will get attractive packages. And experienced embedded system developers have extremely high demand in India. So, join embedded systems online training and pave your way to success.

41. Which board is good for learning embedded systems?

If you want to learn even more about what the embedded development world is all about, you can choose between the Arduino and the Raspberry Pi boards. They are a perfect point to start learning all the basics of how to create an embedded system software and hardware.

42. Why should I learn embedded systems?

With your embedded systems knowledge, you can transform a hardware project into a product that you can manufacture in large quantities to sell out to the market. You Can patent your product creating jobs in embedded systems for yourself and others.

43. Does Arduino use embedded C?

Much like other microcontrollers, the AVR microcontrollers housed in Arduino boards are programmed in a subset of C. A general term for such subsets is “Embedded C” because they apply to program embedded controllers.

44. Is embedded Systems tough?

Embedded systems are hard because, in addition to knowing how to program, an embedded systems programmer needs to be comfortable dealing at a low level with proprietary hardware which is often different from one project to the next.

45. Is Raspberry Pi embedded systems?

The Raspberry Pi is not an embedded system. Embedded systems are specially built computers that have very specific purposes and often extremely limited amounts of storage and RAM.

46. What we learn in embedded systems?

We can broadly define an embedded system as a microcontroller-based, software-driven, reliable, real-time control system, designed to perform a specific task. It can be thought of as a computer hardware system having software embedded in it.

47. How do you practice embedded software?

Embedded Systems Programming

  1. Choose Programming Language. The first step of learning Embedded System Programming is to select a programming language
  2. Learn C/ C++
  3. Know your Microcontroller
  4. Know Basic Electronics
  5. Get your Equipment and Tools
  6. Select Components
  7. Start with Mini Projects
  8. Use Simulation Tools

48. Is embedded systems low level?

Both high-level and low-level programming languages are using embedded systems. Both types of languages have their own advantage and weakness. Mostly, the C language is used for high-level programming. When the program is low level then use assembly language.

49. How can I become expert in embeddedsystem?

An embedded system expert must be very good and vast in circuit design, PCB design, embedded programming, code review, debugging, and troubleshooting. You must be able to use the best and most simplified approach for your hardware design, code and select the best components that perfectly fit your design.

50. What is sophisticated embedded system?

Sophisticated or Complex Embedded Systems are designed using multiple 32-bit or 64-bit micro-controller. These systems are developed to perform large-scale complex functions. These systems have high hardware and software complexities.

51. What are the main components of embedded system?

Power supply. For the embedded system the power supply is the key component to provide the power to the embedded system circuit

  • Processor
  • Memory
  • Timers counters
  • Communication ports
  • Output and Input
  • Circuits used in application

52. What is the core of embedded system?

The core of the embedded system consists of general purpose and domain - specific processors, ASICs, PLDs, and COTs; Memory-ROM, RAM, memory according to the type of interface, memory shadowing, memory selection for embedded systems, Sensors, actuators, I/O components: seven - segments LED, relay, piezo buzzer, push button switch, other subs.

53. What does I2C stand for?

Inter-Integrated Circuit

So, what exactly is I2C? Inter-Integrated Circuit – that's what I2C stands for. The I2C protocol is used to establish communication between two or more ICs (Integrated Circuits), hence why it's known as Inter-Integrated Circuit (I2C) communication.

54. What is embedded system architecture?

Basically, there are two types of architectures i.e., Harvard and Von Neumann, which are used in embedded systems. The Embedded System architecture includes Sensors, Analog to Digital Converter, Memory, Processor, Digital to Analog Converter,Actuators, etc...

55. What is the need of processor in an embedded system?

The processor is the heart of an embedded system. Processors get the user data as an input, process them and produce an output based on the function. The processor fetches the instruction or program code, decodes the instruction and executes it.

56. What is processing in embedded system?

Processes are often called "tasks" in embedded operating systems. The sense of "process" (or task) is "something that takes up time", as opposed to "memory", which is "something that takes up space".

57. Which is true for embedded system?

Which of the following is true about Embedded Systems? C. It must have connected peripherals to connect input and output devices. Explanation: All of the above is true about Embedded Systems.

58. What is the salary of embedded engineer in India?

Embedded Systems Engineer salary in India ranges from ₹ 1.9 Lakhs to ₹ 18.7 Lakhs with an average annual salary of ₹ 4.4 Lakhs. Salary estimates are based on 215 salaries received from Embedded Systems Engineers.

59. What should an embedded engineer know?

Here are some essential skills embedded software engineers require or areas where they should have expertise:

  • C and C++ programming.
  • Microcontrollers, or MCUs.
  • Microprocessors.
  • Linux operating system.
  • Software optimizations skills at the System on a Chip (SoC) level.
  • Real-time Operating Systems (RTOS)
  • Device drivers and many more

60. What does an embedded systems engineer do?

An embedded systems engineer understands the entire embedded system. They use this knowledge to integrate the hardware and software into embedded system. The goal is to ensure the overall system and product work well. With many projects, these engineers also help develop the embedded software.

61. What does an embedded software engineer do?

An embedded software engineer develops software for an embedded system. These engineers have a general idea of the embedded system and its limits. The engineer will ensure the software works with the system.

Embedded systems engineers, however, are intimately familiar with the system’s structure and limitations.

62. Here are some essential skills embedded software engineers require or areas where they should have expertise:

  • C and C++ programming
  • Microcontrollers, or MCUs
  • Microprocessors
  • Linux operating system
  • Software optimizations skills at the System on a Chip (SoC) level
  • Real-time Operating Systems (RTOS)
  • Device drivers
  • Understanding of design patterns and embedded system design patterns
  • Debugging skills
  • Ability to work with existing codebases
  • Interrupt-driven design
  • Assembly programming language
  • Hardware test equipment: oscilloscope, logic analyzer
  • Experience in or ability to learn communication protocols. Relevant protocols to have at least an understanding of include I2C, Serial Peripheral Interface (SPI), USB, General-purpose input/output (GPIOs), Controller Area Network (CAN bus), Recommended Standard 232 (RS232), one-wire, Recommended Standard 485 (RS485)
  • Ability to read a schematic
  • Basic understanding of Internet of Things (IoT) and internet-based technologies
  • Understanding of data structures
  • Python programming language
  • RISC-V instruction set architecture

63. Here are some useful soft skills for embedded engineers:

  • Troubleshooting
  • Full systems thinking
  • Communicate well with words and graphics
  • Deductive logic
  • Problem-solving and ability to create new solutions
  • Emotional intelligence—ability to work well with others
  • Excel at teamwork and information sharing with colleagues
  • Ability to network
  • Proactive participation in community discussions and information sharing (especially related to open-source communities)
  • Understand how to research and find system development and other information to move work forward
  • Basic understanding of project management
  • Creativity
  • Ability to learn outside their comfort zone
  • Patience

64. The deed for skills related to specific embedded frameworks?

Embedded systems are a crucial part of many products we use every day. The systems will become even more important, and part of many more products, in the future. There are several embedded frameworks and widgets that help developers streamline the development of embedded applications and GUIs in modern devices.

65. Who invented embedded system?

Dr. Charles Stark Draper

The first modern, real-time embedded computing system was the Apollo Guidance Computer, developed in the 1960s by Dr. Charles Stark Draper at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology for the Apollo Program.

66. Importance of Python Programming Language?

The Programme starts with the basis of python programming and progresses towards imparting in-depth knowledge of python programming required for conducting data analysis in python, evolving into working with data in data analysis in Python.

67. What will be my takeaway from this course?

At the end of this programme, the learner will be able to:

  • Get hands-on with Python Programming
  • Analyse data sets in Python
  • Understand Machine Learning algorithms
  • Create Machine Learning Models in Python
  • Compare and Implement Machine Learning Models
  • Visualize data in Python

68. What kind of job can I get after the full stack development program?

A Full stack development program can lead to a many careers, including full stack developer, front-end engineer, full-stack engineer and software engineer.

69. What is the salary I will receive after completing the full stack development course?

Full Stack Developers command high salaries across the world as their demand is soaring every year. A Full Stack Developer certification further increases the earning potential of such professionals. The salary of Full Stack Engineers ranges from a minimum 5LPA to 40LPA in India.

70. What experience do you have working as a full stack developer?

A Full Stack Developer is someone who works with the Back End — or server side — of the application as well as the Front End, or client side. Full Stack Developers have to have some skills in a wide variety of coding niches, from databases to graphic design and UI/UX management to do their job well.

71. What is the difference between a full stack developer and a front-end developer?

A front-end developer develops the elements of a product that users interact with while a full stack developer can work cross-functionally on both the front end and back end - the full “stack” of technology.

72. What is the difference between a full stack developer and a back-end developer?

A full stack developer develops both the client-side elements and the back-end elements of a website while a back-end developer builds and maintains the technology that powers the back end of a website - the server, application, and database.

73. How much do similar professions to full stack developer get paid?

A full stack developer salary in India for a fresher is ₹375,000. A full-stack developer with early-level experience of 1-4 years earns a standard of ₹553,006 annually. An employee with mid-level experience of 5-9 years can secure about INR 12-14 lakhs.

  • Software Engineer
  • Front End Developer
  • Back End Developer
  • Web Developer
  • Java Developer
  • Javascript Developer
  • Python Developer
  • PHP Developer
  • Android Developer

74. How embedded systems are used in the automotive industry?

Today, a typical automobile on the road has computer controlled-electronic systems, and the most commonly used embedded systems in a vehicle include Airbags, anti-lock braking systems, black boxes, adaptive cruise control, drive-by-wire, satellite radio, telematics, emission control, traction control and automatic parking.

75. What is automotive embedded software?

Embedded software in automotive lets Intellias clients consume a scalable data range to get valuable insights into vehicle performance and driver behavior. This way, embedded automotive software development helps to predict maintenance needs and avoid car crashes.

76. Is AUTOSAR a software?

Automotive Open System Architecture (AUTOSAR) is an open and standardized automotive software architecture, which supports standardization in interfaces between application software and basic vehicular functions and it helps in establishing common ECU software architecture for all the AUTOSAR members.

77. What are the AUTOSAR tools?

System and Software Authoring, RTE configuration and ECU Extracting with ISOLAR-A.
Configuration of ECU software / BSW modules with ISOLAR-B.
Behaviour modelling of software components with ASCET.
Software validation on the PC with ISOLAR-EVE.
Reliable ECU basic software with RTA.

78. Why do we use AUTOSAR?

AUTOSAR allows the implementation of innovative electronic systems, which can improve safety, environmental friendliness, and overall performance. The standard is set to prepare the industry for upcoming technologies and lower costs without compromising quality.

79. What is AUTOSAR ECU?

AUTOSAR (Automotive Open System Architecture) is an open and standardized automotive software architecture, jointly developed by automobile manufacturers, suppliers, and tool developers. Its main goal is to introduce a standardized layer between application software and the hardware of an electronic control unit (ECU).

80. What is basic software in AUTOSAR?

Basic Software (AUTOSAR BSW): Basic Software is the standardized software layer, which provides services to the AUTOSAR Software Components and is necessary to run the functional part of the software.

81. Can you stack AUTOSAR?

What is CAN Communication Stack in AUTOSAR Architecture? When the target Bus type for an AUTOSAR compliant software is CAN, the ComStack implementation is executed with respect to CAN Bus. Right from the Interface (IF) and State Manager to low-level drivers, each of these modules needs to be configured for CAN Bus.

82. What is ASW and BSW?

It has to invoke the startup and shutdown functions of the software component. It acts as a layer of separation between ASW (application software) and BSW (base software). The BSW modules are free to call any API functions or other modules directly. Whereas ASW components can only communicate via ports.

83. CAN protocol driver?

CAN Protocol is a message-based protocol, designed specifically for automotive applications but now also used in other areas such as industrial automation and medical equipment. CAN is one of five protocols used in the OBD-II vehicle diagnostics standard.

84. Why is AUTOSAR adaptive?

The benefits of Adaptive AUTOSAR More efficient development for all manufacturers. Increased speed of development. The reduced development time for interfaces between vehicle sub-systems. Improved safety through standardization.

84. What is the difference between Python and MicroPython?

The language features of Python are also available in MicroPython. The biggest difference between Python and MicroPython is that MicroPython was designed to work under constrained conditions. MicroPython does not come with the full standard library. It only includes a small subset of the Python standard library.

86. What is MicroPython used for?

MicroPython is a tiny open-source Python programming language interpreter that runs on small embedded development boards. With MicroPython you can write clean and simple Python code to control hardware instead of having to use complex low-level languages like C or C++ (what Arduino uses for programming).

87. Which microcontroller uses MicroPython?

  • Pyboard.
  • ESP8266.
  • ESP32.
  • WiPy.
  • micro:bit.

88. Is MicroPython compiled?

MicroPython has a cross compiler capable of compiling Python modules to bytecode (see the README in the mpy-cross directory). The resulting bytecode file has a. mpy extension; it may be copied to the filesystem and imported in the usual way.

89. What do I need to know for a full-stack interview?

A full-stack developer must be familiar with the following:

Programming Languages: Full-stack developers should be competent in more than one programming language, such as Java, Python, PHP, Ruby, C++, etc.

Front End technologies: You should be familiar with front-end technologies such as HTML5, CSS3, JavaScript, etc.

90. What skills does a full stack developer need to know?

Skills of a Full Stack Developer
  • Front-end Languages and Frameworks. HTML and CSS
  • Backend Technologies and Frameworks. JavaScript and its environments like NodeJS and ExpressJS
  • Database Management Systems
  • Version Control
  • Web Hosting Platforms
  • Soft Skills

91. What is the greatest advantage of Python?

Easy to learn and easy to operate. This is one of the reasons why Python is better compared to other programming languages such as C, C++, or Java. Besides, Python need relatively fewer numbers of lines of code to perform the same functioning and tasks done in other programming languages with larger code blocks.

92. How can I improve Python skills?

Make It Stick. Tip: Code Every day. Tip: Write It Out and practise Make It Collaborative. Tip: Surround Yourself with Others Who Are Learning. Tip: share and prepare, ask questions. Make Something. Tip: Build Something, Anything. Tip: Contribute to Open Source. Go Forth and Learn!

93. Things to Learn in Python?

  • Learn the basics of Python, its history, installations, syntax and other basic constructs such as operators, variables, and statements.
  • Understand the applications of Python and the difference between Python 2 and Python 3.
  • Learn the important concepts such as loops and decision making.
  • Understand the basic data structure such as dictionaries, sets, and lists.
  • Learn how to develop a virtual environment.
  • Get started with functions as well as recursion.
  • Understand object-based concepts such as classes, methods, overloading, and inheritance.
  • Gain experience with modules like calendar, namedruple, and OS.
  • Know how to do file handling and understand other complex concepts such as generators, decorators, and shallow and deep copying.
  • Get started with building GUIs with Python.
  • Know how to generate and use random numbers as well as regular expressions.
  • Understand more complicated topics such as XML processing, networking, and multiprocessing.
  • Know how to use Pandas, NumPy, and SciPy.
  • Know how to debug log, unit test, serialize and access the database.
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